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50 individuals charged in massive College Entrance Exam scheme

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Posted on March 12 2019


This might be the single largest college entrance exam scheme yet. More that 50 individuals were charged in a lengthy criminal indictment:



Conspiracy facilitated cheating on college entrance exams and admission of students to elite universities as purported recruited athletes...

Defendants include university athletic coaches, college exam administrators, CEOs and actresses...


Count One:

Racketeering Conspiracy  18U.S.C.§1962(d)

Count Two:

Racketeering Forfeiture Allegations: (18 U.S.C. § 981(a)(1)(C), 18 U.S.C. § 1963 and 28 U.S.C.§2461)

Some of the Coaches Charged:

Gordon Ernst formerly a coach at Georgetown University.

Donna Henel, formerly the Senior Associate Athletic Director at USC.

KHOSROSHAHIN was employed as the head coach of women’s soccer at the University of  California.

JANKE was employed as an assistant coach of Women’s  soccer at the University of Southern California.

VAVIC was employed as the water polo coach at the University of Southern California.

SALCEDO was employed as the head coachofmen's soccer at the Universityof
California at Los Angeles.


Per the AUSA, Defendant Singer had two separate scams of parents, students, and teachers that accepted bribes. And recruitment of participants dealt with the division one coachs.

1) cheat on the SAT and/or ACT

1a) it was important to the parents that their children did not know that their parents facilitated the cheating of the exam(s).

1b) in some instances both the parent and child knew and/or participated in conference calls with Defendant Singer to discuss their scores and how Singer had individuals to correct the test.

2) use his connection to division one coaches and get their children into the schools based on fake credentials.

The enterprise:

Edge College & Career Network, LLC, also known as "The Key," was a for-profit college counseling and preparation business in Newport Beach, California, founded byWilliam Rick Singer in or about 2007 and incorporated in the StateofCalifornia in or about 2012.

Key Worldwide Foundation ("KWF") was a non-profit corporation in Newport Beach, California that Singer established as a purported charity in or about 2012.



I pulled down Key Worldwide Foundation IRS 990 for 2016:


It looks as if Defendant Singer used this “charity” as a slush fund to actually pay millions of dollars in bribes in furtherance of his scheme. Hence why the IRS IC was all up in their grill.

It wasn’t just a couple thousands of dollars, Defedant Singer used this “charity” to funnel illegal bribes and it appears (based on the affidavit) to also launder money 


This link will take you to Defendant Singer ‘s charity Key Worldwide Foundation IRS’s astounding. Notice the names of the Officers of the Charity and then compare to the indictment.


This link will take you to the criminal indictment newly unsealed by the Government.


Other Entities & Colleges Involved:

    • Georgetown
    • Stanford
    • UCLA
    • USD
    • USC
    • U-Texas
    • Wake Forest
    • Yale




Based on the indictment Defendant Singer and others engaged in this RICO scheme as recent as last month, February 2019. Between Riddle taking SATs and/or ACTs he and Singer conspired with parents and students to fake the scores or have Riddell take the various exams.


In furtherance of this criminal enterprise, the parents of students:


Parents generally paid Singer between $15,000 and $75,000 per test, typically structuring the payments as purported donations to KWF that they wired or deposited into one of the KWF charitable accounts.


This isn’t “helicopter parenting”  or “lawnmower parenting” this is...




 As in don’t worry little Suzy or Jonny, mommy and daddy have you boo. We are going to pay tens of thousands in illegal bribes to make sure you get in to your first college of choice, because working hard and studying is for losers (note my sarcasm) seriously this is just awful. Can we stop making sure every child “gets” an award  just for participating? No you get an award if you earn it and work for it.

 And if you can not earn your college entrance, don’t worry honey, mommy and daddy will pay Defendant Singer some $25,000,000.00 in illegal bribes.



Not even kidding this was a HUGE operation by the IRS IC, FBI, AUSAs and DOJ

  1. William Rick Singer, 58, of Newport Beach, Calif., owner of the Edge College & Career Network and CEO of the Key Worldwide Foundation, was charged in an Information with racketeering conspiracy, money laundering conspiracy, conspiracy to defraud the United States, and obstruction of justice.  He is scheduled to plead guilty in Boston before U.S. District Court Judge Rya W. Zobel on March 12, 2019, at 2:30 p.m.;
  2. Mark Riddell, 36, of Palmetto, Fla., was charged in an Information with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud as well as conspiracy to commit money laundering;
  3. Rudolph “Rudy” Meredith, 51, of Madison, Conn., the former head women’s soccer coach at Yale University, was charged in an Information with conspiracy to commit wire fraud and honest services wire fraud as well as honest services wire fraud;  
  4. John Vandemoer, 41, of Stanford, Calif., the former sailing coach at Stanford University, was charged in an Information with racketeering conspiracy and is expected to plead guilty in Boston before U.S. District Court Judge Rya W. Zobel on March 12, 2019, at 3:00 p.m.;
  5. David Sidoo, 59, of Vancouver, Canada, was charged in an indictment with conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud. Sidoo was arrested on Friday, March 8th in San Jose, Calif., and appeared in U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California yesterday. A date for his initial appearance in federal court in Boston has not yet been scheduled.  

The following defendants were charged in an indictment with racketeering conspiracy:

  1. Igor Dvorskiy, 52, of Sherman Oaks, Calif., director of a private elementary and high school in Los Angeles and a test administrator for the College Board and ACT;
  2. Gordon Ernst, 52, of Chevy Chase, Md., former head coach of men and women’s tennis at Georgetown University;
  3. William Ferguson, 48, of Winston-Salem, N.C., former women’s volleyball coach at Wake Forest University;
  4. Martin Fox, 62, of Houston, Texas, president of a private tennis academy in Houston;
  5. Donna Heinel, 57, of Long Beach, Calif., the senior associate athletic director at the University of Southern California;
  6. Laura Janke, 36, of North Hollywood, Calif., former assistant coach of women’s soccer at the University of Southern California;
  7. Ali Khoroshahin, 49, of Fountain Valley, Calif., former head coach of women’s soccer at the University of Southern California;
  8. Steven Masera, 69, of Folsom, Calif., accountant and financial officer for the Edge College & Career Network and the Key Worldwide Foundation;
  9. Jorge Salcedo, 46, of Los Angeles, Calif., former head coach of men’s soccer at the University of California at Los Angeles;
  10. Mikaela Sanford, 32, of Folsom, Calif., employee of the Edge College & Career Network and the Key Worldwide Foundation;
  11. Jovan Vavic, 57, of Rancho Palos Verdes, Calif., former water polo coach at the University of Southern California; and
  12. Niki Williams, 44, of Houston, Texas, assistant teacher at a Houston high school and test administrator for the College Board and ACT.


The following defendant was charged in a criminal complaint with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud:

  1. Michael Center, 54, of Austin Texas, head coach of men’s tennis at the University of Texas at Austin


The following defendants were charged in a criminal complaint with conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud:

  1. Gregory Abbott, 68, of New York, N.Y., the founder and chairman of a food and beverage packaging company;
  2. Marcia Abbott, 59, of New York, N.Y.;
  3. Gamal Abdelaziz, 62, of Las Vegas, Nev., the former senior executive of a resort and casino operator in Macau, China;
  4. Diane Blake, 55, of San Francisco, Calif., an executive at a retail merchandising firm;
  5. Todd Blake, 53, of San Francisco, Calif., an entrepreneur and investor;
  6. Jane Buckingham, 50, of Beverly Hills, Calif., the CEO of a boutique marketing company;
  7. Gordon Caplan, 52, of Greenwich, Conn., co-chairman of an international law firm based in New York City;
  8. I-Hin “Joey” Chen, 64, of Newport Beach, Calif., operates a provider of warehousing and related services for the shipping industry;
  9. Amy Colburn, 59, of Palo Alto, Calif.;
  10. Gregory Colburn, 61, of Palo Alto, Calif.;
  11. Robert Flaxman, 62, of Laguna Beach, Calif., founder and CEO of real estate development firm;
  12. Mossimo Giannulli, 55, of Los Angeles, Calif., fashion designer;
  13. Elizabeth Henriquez, 56, of Atherton, Calif.;
  14. Manuel Henriquez, 55, of Atherton, Calif., founder, chairman and CEO of a publicly traded specialty finance company;
  15. Douglas Hodge, 61, of Laguna Beach, Calif., former CEO of investment management company;
  16. Felicity Huffman, 56, of Los Angeles, Calif., an actress;
  17. Agustin Huneeus Jr., 53, of San Francisco, Calif., owner of wine vineyards;
  18. Bruce Isackson, 61, of Hillsborough, Calif., president of a real estate development firm;
  19. Davina Isackson, 55, of Hillsborough, Calif.;
  20. Michelle Janavs, 48, of Newport Coast, Calif., former executive of a large food manufacturer; 
  21. Elisabeth Kimmel, 54, of Las Vegas, Nev., owner and president of a media company;
  22. Marjorie Klapper, 50, of Menlo Park, Calif., co-owner of jewelry business;
  23. Lori Loughlin, 54, of Los Angeles, Calif., an actress;
  24. Toby MacFarlane, 56, of Del Mar, Calif., former senior executive at a title insurance company;
  25. William McGlashan Jr., 55, of Mill Valley, Calif., senior executive at a global equity firm;
  26. Marci Palatella, 63, of Healdsburg, Calif., CEO of a liquor distribution company;
  27. Peter Jan Sartorio, 53, of Menlo Park, Calif., packaged food entrepreneur;
  28. Stephen Semprevivo, 53, of Los Angeles, Calif., executive at privately held provider of outsourced sales teams;
  29. Devin Sloane, 53, of Los Angeles, Calif., founder and CEO of provider of drinking and wastewater systems;
  30. John Wilson, 59, of Hyannis Port, Mass., founder and CEO of private equity and real estate development firm;
  31. Homayoun Zadeh, 57, of Calabasas, Calif., an associate professor of dentistry; and
  32. Robert Zangrillo, 52, of Miami, Fla., founder and CEO of private investment firm.


Criminal Complaint via the DOJ-OPA found here.

The 204 page Affidavit can be found here (it’s a LONG read) Felicity Huffman and her Husband (William H Macy, who was not charged) pages 72 to 79.

MOSSIMO GIANNULLI and LORI LOUGHLIN  can be found on pages 88 thru 92, they paid some $500,000 in bribes. Found here.


 To make the 204 page affidavit easier to read, you can click on each defendant and  it will  automatically take you to the pages relevant to said defendants.


23 page indictment found here.

RUDOLPH"RUDY"MEREDITH - criminal information (YALE) found here.


David Sidoo - redacted indictment found here.

 William Rick Singer indictment found here, who is currently in a Boston MA courtroom making his initial appearance. Given Singer was/is the mastermind of the single largest College Cheating Scam in United States History. Singer does have a plea agreement with the Government. I am pretty sure that Defendant Singer took the time to tip off some of his clients, hence the Obstruction of Justice Charge.



JOHN VANDEMOER was employed as the sailing coach at Stanford University, his criminal information can be found here.


Mark Riddell Crimimal Information can be found here.

 If you’re wondering what the difference is between a Crimial Information versus Indictment. A Criminal Information is essentially an indictment but it typically means that prosecutors have enough evidence that they bypassed a grand jury, whereas an indictment occurs after a Grand Jury hands down a True Bill.






Stop Cheating, you are actually setting your children up for epic failure, also this is a case you will want to keep an eye on, not for the celebrity aspect but FOR the RICO and how Federal and State prosecutors can work in tandem....-Spicy Out 

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  • PilatesQueen : March 13, 2019

    It is sad that parents AND children feel the need to cheat their way into college instead of gaining entry on their own merits. But to have an entire system in place to facilitate cheating is beyond bizarre.

  • Molly: March 12, 2019

    How did parents get their student’s extended or unlimited time on standardized tests without the expressed support of their high school college guidance counselors. This makes zero sense that either ACT or the college board (SAT) would accept last minute testing of learning disabilities that required absolutely no classroom accommodations thruout a student’s HS career. How do I know this? Because my ADHD daughter was denied time and a half for extra time because she only received that accommodation twice throughout HS during midterms and finals over the course of 4 years despite diagnosis in 5th grade and sitting in the front of the room. Too, how did these private Hs sign off on Fraudulent requests to SAT and ACT?

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